Cement became one of the building materials in the first quarter of the 19th Century. Although the first cement patent was obtained in 1796 in the world, fabricated cement production started only in 1824 in the United Kingdom when Joseph Aspdin obtained a patent for the now-famous “Portland Cement.” It has still taken several decades for people to notice the real potential of that new material.
One of the smartest areas of use created during when the cement became more and more popular in Europe was the cement-based floor tiles, which were produced in the early 1850s in Vivier (Ardèche, France) under the name “carreaux ciment (carreau ciment, carreaux de ciment tile).” The production of cement tiles started for the first time in the world in the central south of France – the region where the first cement factory in France is located. And, in a short time, it spread from Lyon to Marseille and, within a few years, reached out to the neighboring countries, including, in particular, Spain and Portugal.
In the 1870s, many European cities, including, in particular, Paris, Berlin, Barcelona, Lisbon, Genoa, and Naples opened centers producing the best examples of that material. As the hands turn with time, the patterns were perfected. It is thought that, in parallel with its development in Europe, it spread from Spain to Latin countries, including, in particular, Cuba, Havana, and Mexico and from France to the Far East through Vietnam. In 1886, the first documented cement tiles-patterned tiles factory was established in Cuba and, in 1903, the factory called “La Cubana” became the world’s biggest factory to produce top-notch cement tiles. Those cement tiles are called “mosaico hidráulico”, “losa hidráulica”, or “losatea hidráulicos” (hydraulic tiles) in Latin America whereas they are called “Cuban tiles” in Miami and Southern Florida.
Until the 1920s, cement tiles-patterned tiles were seen as the first-class flooring material adorning Tzar Palaces, Cote d’Azur mansions, and Gaudi’s Barcelona, as well as the governmental buildings of Berlin. Cement tiles-patterned tiles quickly spread in Europe as creative and durable floor covering materials. Over time, it prevailed in the French, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies. However, in the 1950s, cement tiles-patterned tiles lost their popularity. Instead, ceramics, granites, and linoleums took the stage to be the stress-free, post-modern industrial products with affordable labor and easy installation.
There are many cement tile patterns which survived to the present day from the 19th Century European and Mediterranean countries without losing anything from their originality. With their wide range of colors, matte and glossy options and, most importantly, their silky texture, cement tiles cannot be replaced with any of the today’s thousands of similar products produced with advanced technology. The most important feature making cement tiles-patterned tiles different is the fact that each differs from each other.
A new trend has been going on for the last 30 years… The floor coverings produced with advanced technology and becoming more and more similar to each other with each passing day are now replaced by the eco-friendly, unique, and tailor-made cement tiles-patterned tiles, which are once again in the spotlight.
Many different terms are being used for cement tiles-patterned tiles in different places of the world. Some of which are:
mosaicos calcáreos carreaux de ciment, encaustic tiles, zementfliesen, mosaicos, victorian tiles, ladrilhos, carreaux, cementové dlaždice, sement fliser, cement tegels, azulejos de cemento, piastrelle di cemento, Zementplécker, telhas de cimento, victorian tiles, Baldozas, ladrilhos, carreaux, fliser, baldosas, mosaico hidráulico, encaustic tiles, Victorian Tiles, klinker, mosaik, mosaic, Plavuizen,Fliser, revestimentos, gulvbeklædning, azulejos, Wandfliesen, Bodenfliesen, carrelages, carreaux ciment, ladrilhos de pasta, Fliesen, cast tiles, baldosa artesanal, baldosas hidráulicos, plavuizen, gegoten plavuizen, wandtegels, mattonelle, piastrelle, suelos, gulve, Bodenbekleitung, Wandbekleitung, cozinha, banho, bagno, cucina, cuisine, arquitectura, building materials, Baumaterialen, bygningsmaterialer, materiais de construção, restauro, indretning, decoração, decoracion, projecto, fliser, plavuizen, lda, hidráulico, klinker, mosaicos, baldosas, pavimentos, revestimentos, fabrica, cores, para and zement,betonová dlažba, betonové dlaždice na podlahu, klinker, tegel, karoistanbul
We want people from all over the world to visit our website and share information and photos about classic cement tiles with us. It is very exciting to know that this great floor covering is still alive.